Asia-Pacific Economy,

Vaccine progress: Mekong economies stay vulnerable


Cambodia lately acquired 600,000 out of 1 million doses of Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine promised by China. India has additionally pledged assist by donating100,000 doses of its Astra Zeneca-SII vaccine on an pressing foundation, whereas Australia has pledged $US28 million to Cambodia to buy 3 million vaccine doses accepted by the World Well being Organisation (WHO). Cambodia can be set to obtain almost 1.3 million doses via the WHO’s COVAX initiative over the primary half of 2021, with supply anticipated to start by the tip of February in line with interim distribution predictions revealed by COVAX. The timeline for receiving the remaining roughly 5.7 million doses below the COVAX facility is just not confirmed.

With a inhabitants of almost 17 million, Cambodia might want to vaccinate almost 12 million individuals to attain herd-immunity. This implies 24 million vaccine doses are required, assuming two photographs per inoculation. As such, the overall pledges acquired by Cambodia up to now solely add as much as lower than 11 million doses, enough to inoculate roughly one third of the inhabitants. Mass vaccination is anticipated to begin in March/April upon the receipt of the COVAX consignment. Nonetheless, it’s unlikely to assemble the specified momentum amid erratic provide vis-à-vis the required variety of doses. ANZ Analysis expects nearly all of the Cambodian inhabitants to be inoculated over 2022, at greatest. Herd immunity in Cambodia might stay elusive until 2023, based mostly on present info on vaccine procurement.

Nonetheless, from an financial perspective, it’s price noting a big a part of the downturn within the Cambodian financial system was attributable to a decline in overseas vacationer arrivals, since its personal home pandemic burden is sort of low. As such, a resumption of world tourism following vaccination in different international locations is important for a full financial turnaround in Cambodia, on high of its personal vaccination drive.


Laos has acquired 300,000 vaccine doses of Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine from China whereas it has additionally been finishing up trials on Russia’s Sputnik-V vaccine. As soon as the formalities and registrations are accomplished, Laos plans to safe 2 million doses from Russia by the tip of 2021. It additionally expects to obtain vaccine assist from the WHO’s international COVAX facility to the tune of 600,000 doses over the primary half of 2021, whereas the timeline for the remaining almost 2.4 million doses is just not but sure at this stage.

Whereas cognisant of Laos’ low home COVID-19 burden, ANZ Analysis estimates Laos might want to inoculate roughly 5.2 million individuals to attain herd immunity, due to this fact requiring 10.4 million vaccine doses. The at present pledged assist fulfils solely half of its whole necessities. Much like Cambodia, ANZ Analysis expects the vaccination drive will choose up momentum solely by late 2021 – in an optimistic state of affairs – with the majority of the inhabitants receiving their vaccine photographs solely over the course of 2022.


Myanmar’s excessive COVID-19 case rely makes it an outlier within the CLMV group. The attendant drag on home demand is anticipated to be sharp because the pandemic has prevented any materials leisure of restrictions, not like in different neighbouring economies. Vaccination is of best relative want in Myanmar to comprise the injury to human well being and the financial system.

Myanmar has ordered 30 million vaccine doses from India and has acquired 1.5 million doses so far. It has additionally accepted using Russia’s vaccine whereas China has pledged 300,000 doses of its Sinovac vaccine. In accordance with COVAX interim distribution forecasts, Myanmar is anticipating to obtain almost 4.2 million doses over the primary half of 2021 with supply starting on the finish of February. The timeline for supply of the remaining roughly 17.6 million doses below the COVAX facility is just not but identified. As such, the overall variety of vaccine doses at present rests at almost 52 million doses, out of almost 77 million wanted to vaccinate 70 per cent of Myanmar’s inhabitants. As well as, the current flip of political occasions in Myanmar might improve uncertainty over vaccine procurement, funding and dissemination plans, which might additionally delay its total vaccination drive.


Vietnam lately positioned an order with Astra Zeneca for 30 million doses of their COVID-19 vaccine, to be delivered in batches over 2021. As well as, from a complete of roughly 31.2 million doses slated for Vietnam below the WHO’s COVAX facility, it’s set to obtain 4.9 million doses by July 2021, with supply ranging from the tip of February. Vietnam additionally has a number of domestically produced vaccine candidates, which if accepted, will buttress its vaccination plans.

Vietnam is essentially the most populous nation within the CLMV group with almost 100 million individuals. ANZ Analysis estimates recommend it’s going to want round 137 million vaccine doses to inoculate 70 per cent of its inhabitants to attain herd immunity. The dimensions of its at present deliberate vaccine procurement is barely greater than 61 million doses, which is lower than half of its total wants. Nonetheless, Vietnam will nonetheless be the frontrunner amongst CLMV economies by way of the velocity of its vaccination program, in ANZ Analysis’s view. Given its giant impartial orders which might be to be delivered over 2021, its vaccination drive will be capable of collect momentum ahead of its friends.

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