By Tanimola Oyewole
Citizens’ involvement and lively participation in civic and political issues are cardinal to democracy. It, subsequently, implies that citizen’s involvement in governance and decision-making in any respect ranges is a mandatory software to maintain a democracy. However this isn’t the case in Nigeria.
Since its return to democracy in 1999, Nigeria’s elections have been characterised by voter apathy. A small proportion of the inhabitants truly votes, in negation of the beliefs of ‘majority rule’; one of many primary tenets of democracy. The voter apathy scenario turns into terrible when one considers the declining numbers that vote with every elections.
This appalling scenario has thrown a problem to the Nigerian expertise neighborhood. It’s certainly time to handle voter apathy by adopting a cellular voting app that permits registered voters to vote with their Nationwide Identification Quantity-registered telephone from the consolation of their properties – together with overseas primarily based Nigerians.
The trouble would begin off by participating the Impartial Nationwide Electoral Fee (INEC) to get the necessities that the app should meet as a way to qualify for the meant use. With these necessities in hand, an open invitation can be thrown out to the expertise neighborhood for the event of the app and a panel of judges, together with INEC, set as much as assess the submissions.
The builders of the profitable app can be allowed to run restricted in-app promoting to get better their value of growth. The profitable app can be introduced to INEC and the Nationwide Meeting for laws enabling its utilization for the 2023 election. Each step taken within the course of must be accompanied with huge publicity to construct an all- inclusive help.
The power of the web to create new participative areas in addition to develop current ones suggests it has the capability to enhance accessibility to voting for a lot of electors. In addition to, its affect on different facets of elections and authorities in different climes, reminiscent of campaigning, fund elevating, membership recruitment, lobbying and entry to info for media and residents, means that it has a progressively vital relationship with electoral politics and can possible proceed to have a substantial influence on the character of democracy. The newly emergent idea of digital democracy suggests it could be helpful to additional discover the potential of the web to enhance the electoral course of for events, teams, election administration, and naturally, residents.
The app, when totally deployed, has the potential to make the voting course of simpler and extra accessible for electors. That is very true for distant web voting and phone voting on condition that ballots might be solid from any laptop with web connectivity or phone. These latter strategies considerably decrease the price of voting for a lot of electors by creating many extra entry factors from which they’re able to vote. There may be the potential to eradicate lengthy queues at polling stations and higher deal with accessibility points for individuals with disabilities, these affected by sickness, these serving within the navy or residing overseas, these away on private journey, snowbirds and different teams of residents reminiscent of single dad and mom who could discover it troublesome to go to a conventional polling station.
Moreover, distant strategies of web voting, and in some circumstances kiosk web voting, afford electors the chance of with the ability to vote at any time, a function that additional encourages an elector to solid a poll. With regard to particular populations of electors, web (particularly distant) and phone voting can also be strategies of participating these voters who’re thought-about the toughest to succeed in, notably younger folks aged 18 to 30. These voters most acquainted with the expertise, are essentially the most frequent reported customers and would possible profit essentially the most from the extension of distant kinds of digital voting.
It might additionally enable better secrecy for particular populations of electors with disabilities (together with visually or listening to impaired). By voting electronically and subsequently unassisted, these electors are afforded a better diploma of anonymity when casting a poll. Enabling secrecy for these teams enhances the equality of the vote. Moreover, enhancing accessibility and creating extra participatory alternatives for electors holds promise to positively influence voter turnout.
The fashions might get pleasure from success whether it is tailor-made to fulfill the precise wants of a bigger phase of the voting inhabitants. The event of such apps must be primarily based on the necessities of the electoral course of in addition to the precise wants of electors and different affected events. Moreover, the idea for a authorized framework that helps web voting and a authorities mandate to conduct web voting analysis are vital facilitating components.
Varied measures have to be thought-about earlier than the following steps are taken for adopting the app for voting. These might embrace the gathering of further knowledge to measure public attitudes and people of political events and candidates in direction of digital voting. Consideration must also be given to establishing clear necessities that an extra technique of voting would fulfil, in addition to creating and consulting with an interdisciplinary committee of specialists.
This is able to lay the groundwork for designing an preliminary small-scale trial after which progressively growing the variety of electors who vote electronically with every further trial. These are vital facets of the method which, primarily based on the experiences of different jurisdictions, look like each related and mandatory towards making a profitable framework upon which such app might be successfully developed.
Oyewole is a growth strategist in Lagos