South America Financial News

Patrick Brennan’s Brennan Asse –

July 25, 2022

Even More durable Than We Thought

We closed our first quarter letter conceding that twin issues about inflation and doable financial weak point made this a difficult setting for managing cash. We additionally famous that true selloffs will usually hit all names, irrespective of how a lot unhealthy information you imagine to be already mirrored in present costs. Sadly, this sentiment proved prescient because the second quarter turned out to be far harder than we anticipated. Greater than anticipated inflation information all over the world has prompted sooner than anticipated price will increase, together with a 75-basis-point enhance from the US Federal Reserve in June with an additional 75 foundation level enhance anticipated in July. The sooner than anticipated rise in US rates of interest has pushed the US greenback greater in opposition to most currencies worldwide. In the meantime, the tragic conflict in Ukraine has proven no indicators of easing and fears of a doable Russian gasoline cutoff to Europe have elevated over the previous a number of months. Whereas the preliminary waves of 2022 promoting had been usually centered round expertise and sure speculative areas the place we didn’t have publicity, the promoting rapidly unfold into practically each asset class and sparked the steepest first-half losses in practically 50 years.

In a number of previous letters, now we have preached the futility of attempting to foretell recessions. Our favourite historic examine1 confirmed that one of the best financial forecasters had amazingly poor observe information in predicting downturns even one yr prematurely. Due to this historic observe file and different empirical proof, now we have lengthy believed it’s futile to base funding selections solely on unsure macroeconomic forecasts. That stated, with the Federal Reserve actively mountain climbing charges (which have usually preceded earlier recessions) and the Chairman of the Federal Reserve overtly conceding {that a} recession is feasible, the percentages of an financial downturn seem greater. Maybe macro watchers’ recession predictions over the subsequent 12 months will truly come to go. This path isn’t assured, nonetheless. Moreover, asset costs (shares down 20-30% because the begin of the yr) already replicate elevated recession odds, and costs might rapidly transfer greater ought to information develop into “much less unhealthy.” If one sells now, when does she or he reenter? The profitable recession forecaster might conceivably be worse off if she or he sits out any subsequent rebound. Regardless of the ugly first half, we imagine there may be knowledge in legendary Constancy cash supervisor Peter Lynch’s well-known quip that far more cash has been misplaced by traders making ready for corrections or attempting to anticipate corrections, than has been misplaced in corrections.

Markets Favor {Dollars}, Shun Debt

Our second quarter ache resulted much less from proudly owning economically delicate names however as a substitute stemmed from publicity to European/rising market names (Everlasting TSB (LSE:IL0A, Monetary), Liberty Latin America (LILAK, Monetary), Liberty World (LBTYA, Monetary) (LGI), Arcos Dorados (ARCO, Monetary) and Megacable (MHSDF, Monetary) (MEGA) amongst others) and extra leveraged names (Liberty Broadband (LBRDK, Monetary), Liberty World (LGI) and Liberty Latin America (LILAK, Monetary)) that are doubtlessly uncovered to greater rates of interest. We personal fewer cyclical names exterior of our most well-liked place in Garrett Movement (GTXAP.PFD, Monetary), Qurate Retail (QRTEA, Monetary) and to some extent, Warner Bros. Discovery (WBD, Monetary). We gained’t rehash the GTX thesis (see Q3 2021 letter) however merely word that the popular safety offers substantial draw back safety, particularly as Garrett lately retired the Honeywell most well-liked in June of this yr. Please see our Q1 2022 letter for an additional dialogue on WBD.

After holding up for many of the quarter, PTSB shares traded down on comparatively gentle quantity throughout June. Apparently, the selloff has occurred simply because the ECB simply elevated rates of interest (by 50-basis factors versus market expectations of 25-basis factors) for the primary time in over a decade. Rate of interest will increase are extensively helpful for Irish banks, particularly PTSB. The three direct advantages are:

  1. Elimination of -0.5% cost on money deposits
  2. Drop-down earnings on its tracker portfolio2
  3. Greater earnings on its securities portfolio

PTSB has stated the advantages of numbers 1 and a pair of above will lead to a €40 million profit for every 50-basis level enhance. PTSB paid €14 million throughout 2021 on account of unfavourable deposit price prices. Utilizing our ~€5 billion+ of estimated tracker loans as of June 30, 2022, a 50-basis enhance in charges would produce €25 million+ of extra earnings. Whereas the affect on the securities portfolio was not quantified and can take time to roll by the corporate’s earnings assertion, the affect continues to be significant. PTSB’s ~€2.5 billion authorities securities portfolio generated solely €7 million in curiosity earnings (or an rate of interest of 28 foundation factors) in 2021. As a degree of comparability, a ~€2 billion portfolio generated €54 million of curiosity earnings in 2017.

In the meantime, the secondary affect of upper charges is substantial. Greater mortgage charges throughout the whole portfolio are probably and these are solely partially offset by some enhance in deposit prices. With a mortgage/deposit ratio of solely 75 %, the share of price will increase that shall be handed alongside to depositors – the so referred to as “deposit beta” – ought to be modest. To loosely paraphrase the late US Senator Everett Dirksen on the good thing about greater charges to PTSB: €10-30 million right here, €10-30 million there, and fairly quickly it provides as much as an actual enhance in earnings estimates. As a reminder, the pro-forma market capitalization of PTSB is barely ~€700 million.

Many traders are universally slicing European publicity and blindly dumping financial institution shares over continued issues in regards to the Russia/UK invasion, a weakening euro, and a worldwide recession. PTSB’s thinly traded share value has been impacted by these headwinds. That stated, we imagine that PTSB’s funding case has strengthened. As now we have argued in previous updates, Eire’s economic system is probably going stronger than nearly anyplace in Europe, there continues to be a large housing scarcity throughout the nation, and PTSB significantly advantages from a once-in-a-generation enhance in scale by way of the Ulster acquisition, because the variety of scale banks has fallen from 5 to three. The Ulster acquisition overcame its remaining hurdle as Eire’s Competitors and Client Safety Fee (CCPC) authorized PTSB’s buy of Ulster Financial institution belongings this month with no situations. And now, as a substitute of “it’s doable rates of interest enhance,” the day of upper charges has arrived, and that is extremely helpful to the fairness story.

Foreign money Agnostic…However Crimson-Scorching Greenback Hurts

It’s price noting that our holdings in names exterior the USA usually are not predicated on a selected foreign money view. As an alternative, the central thesis is that we’re buying monopoly or oligopoly sort companies at valuation ranges far under these in the USA. In previous letters, we famous that the greenback seemed costly relative to many worldwide currencies when considered by the lens of the buying value parity, however we conceded that the foreign money would probably strengthen throughout market selloffs. A virtually 13 % achieve within the US Greenback Index because the begin of the yr has left the buck at its strongest degree in practically 20 years.

With the US mountain climbing rates of interest sooner than many different creating markets and with the US having a safer vitality provide than Europe, there’s a widespread dialogue of a “greenback doom loop” and a seemingly unanimous consensus that greenback power will proceed indefinitely. Whereas the historical past of predicting foreign money strikes is about as profitable because the economists from the Ahir/Loungani examine, we concede that greenback power might very effectively proceed. That stated, we’d argue that the varied worldwide names we personal are nonetheless screaming buys and that we’re greater than compensated for the chance of continued foreign money strain (which can or might not proceed).

  • MEGA:
  • LILAK: ~4.5-6x submit synergy money move
  • PTSB: ~35% Tangible E-book Worth
  • LGI: ~5-6x ahead free money move per share

Importantly, the above corporations have steady companies that ought to be resilient throughout any recession and hedge any greenback denominated debt (or just keep away from it altogether) to avoid any greenback debt/purposeful foreign money mismatches. And it’s doable that the solar might rise. A stop hearth in Europe, some easing of inflationary strain within the US or additional Chinese language credit score easing might reverse a number of the current greenback power and assist thaw credit score markets. These “golden swan” occasions are practically unimaginable to foretell prematurely and traders merely must “be there” previous to the incidence of unpredictable.

Credit score Street Icy…However Miles Earlier than I Refinance?

As beforehand talked about, the next than anticipated rate of interest setting has prompted credit score spreads (distinction between threat free price and the yield on company bonds) to widen. These wider spreads have prompted fierce promoting in names which have leverage – together with many of the cable names we personal. Megacable is the notable exception as the corporate has lower than 0.5x leverage. This incomprehensibly unleveraged stability sheet hasn’t stopped the promoting, regardless of the valuation (

  • CHTR: ~14 years/92% of debt 2024+
  • LGI: ~7 years/94% debt 2028+
  • LILAK: ~6 years/88% 2027+

Moreover, these corporations have persistently swapped floating price debt for fastened even when debt prices had been decrease, swapped greenback denominations into their purposeful foreign money (LGI and LILAK) and usually stored minimal debt on the holding firm. Moreover, all 3 names have finance groups with substantial expertise managing extra leveraged organizations. That is removed from their first rodeo.

Traditionally, cable corporations have been capable of increase costs all through a recession. LGI has been extra energetic in elevating costs versus the extra quantity pushed progress methods for CHTR and LILAK. If the businesses can not increase costs, then admittedly there could be some be some concern that greater rates of interest would in the end eat into whole money accessible to shareholders. It’s definitely true that the businesses’ bond yields on present debt have moved greater. Traders argue that each one else being equal, the businesses’ price of fairness ought to be greater and due to this fact the shares ought to commerce decrease. However, if there is no such thing as a have to refinance bonds for years into the longer term, ought to one assume that credit score spreads proceed at present ranges or conceivably widen additional? In our opinion, the reply is much less simple.

We bear in mind CBS (submit the unique Viacom break up and much earlier than the current Viacom recombination) simply earlier than the beginning of the worldwide monetary disaster. On the time, the corporate derived a considerable portion of its income from promoting – which is usually one of many first objects lower in a recession. Because the extent of the disaster unfolded, the $20 inventory was rapidly lower in half and the $10 inventory traded at a low-single-digit a number of of free money move and at a fraction of what media corporations usually transacted at (not to mention the nosebleed a number of CBS paid for CNET Networks). By any market or historic transaction a number of, the inventory was severely undervalued at $10. By March of 2009, the inventory would fall to round $3. As an apart, one other lesson from the expertise was that after telling purchasers the inventory was “silly low-cost” at $10, it turned tougher to seek out adjectives to explain the identical title at ranges 70 % decrease.

CBS maintained its funding grade ranking, however its longer-term bonds by some means traded at an almost 20% yield. CBS might self-fund any near-term maturities for ~3 years, however then it could conceivably want to lift debt at a number of the extra punitive charges in historical past. A sell-side report used present bond yields on the time and punitive price of fairness assumptions to derive a goal value of ~$6 (the worth goal was lower from ~$20 and the maintain ranking was maintained for these curious). Did it make sense to imagine debt could be unavailable at costs apart from present yields for the subsequent 3 years? We imagine cheap arguments could be made on each side. Definitely, the present credit score setting, whereas far tighter than originally of the yr, is nowhere near as dysfunctional because it was through the 2008/2009 interval. That stated, cable companies are extra resilient than an promoting dependent CBS, and in contrast to CBS on the time, all three cable corporations are actively shopping for shares and have the potential to retire massive percentages of their shares over the approaching 3-5 years. It’s doable that some type of historical past might effectively repeat and LGI, LILAK and CHTR might fall far under ranges we’d think about “silly low-cost.” Whereas this would definitely not be a enjoyable expertise, we’d word that CBS in the end rallied to just about $60 from its March 2009 lows over the next 4 years, regardless of negligible share repurchase exercise when the inventory was under $10. Definitely, there is no such thing as a assure that this extra nice historical past will repeat, and there are admittedly a number of variations between the 2 durations, particularly as rates of interest are presently growing. That stated, we expect the historic instance does have some relevance when traders are blindly dumping any title with leverage.

Millicom: Rights Providing Creates Enticing Entry

Through the second quarter, we bought shares in Millicom (TIGO, Monetary), a LATAM cable firm, by way of a rights offering3. TIGO operates in a variety of Central American and South American markets, competing with LILAK in sure markets. We now have tracked TIGO through the years, given our LILAK funding. Whereas TIGO’s underlying geographic markets are usually much less steady from a macroeconomic perspective than LILAK’s markets, TIGO has sturdy management positions in 2-3 participant markets. Moreover, the markets usually have decrease broadband penetration charges, sturdy demographic developments and the nations the place TIGO operates obtain massive remittances from US residents which have usually resulted in additional steady foreign money markets.

So why put money into one other LATAM cable title? The brief reply is that a rare alternative developed in an space we all know fairly effectively. In November of 2021, TIGO introduced the acquisition of the 45% of the Guatemala enterprise that it didn’t personal. The deal was accomplished at a pretty value as TIGO paid ~6.2x/8x/11x 2021 EBITDA/EBITDA much less Capex/Free Money move. TIGO holds the main whole broadband and cell market share (64% and 42%, respectively) on this two-player market, and the enterprise has grown EBITDA at ~6% CAGR over the previous 6 years. The overwhelming majority of TIGO’s free money move shall be generated from Guatemala for the subsequent a number of years. The acquisition of the 45% of the Guatemala enterprise meaningfully simplifies TIGO’s story and strikes “owned” free money move a lot nearer to precise free money move. The Guatemala acquisition additionally gave TIGO 100% management of some engaging infrastructure belongings – 4,400 (10,000 in whole inside all of TIGO) towers, two tier 3 information facilities and 21,000 km of fiber. TIGO has stated that towers and information facilities are non-core belongings, and it’ll discover strategic alternate options over the subsequent 12-18 months.

When TIGO introduced the Guatemala acquisition in late November, it famous that it could situation fairness to fund the deal – the inventory was at roughly $25 on the time of the deal. We didn’t agree with the quantity of fairness the corporate deliberate on issuing, however we believed this was another person’s battle. Surprisingly, TIGO didn’t truly finalize rights phrases till Might 18 of this yr. Why the delay? In accordance with the corporate, TIGO wanted audited monetary outcomes for required rights documentation and due to this fact the corporate waited till full yr outcomes had been absolutely accessible. Moreover, twin listings on NASDAQ and NASDAQ Stockholm prompted extra problems/delays. TIGO was lastly prepared to come back to market in early March…simply in time for Russia’s Ukraine invasion. However, on the recommendation of its bankers, TIGO delayed shifting till Might, at a time when the inventory was 40 % decrease from the unique deal announcement. In contrast to LILAK’s 2020 rights providing, TIGO didn’t have a lead shareholder backer for the rights providing. JP Morgan (JPM) and a consortium of banks stepped into this place, however this led to issues about what value could be required to completely subscribe the providing. The rights value was in the end set at $10.61, practically 60 % under the place the inventory traded when the deal was introduced – a deal that’s universally considered as sensible, strategic and attractively priced – and the corporate elevated its share rely by a whopping 70 %. We purchased rights within the open market, subscribed and obtained a considerable overallocation.

At present costs, we estimate that Millicom is buying and selling at an estimated 4x/3.8x 2023/2024 Enterprise Worth/Owned EBITDA and eight.5x/5.8x 2023/2024 Owned FCF per share. Assuming that fifty % of free money move is used to repurchase filth low-cost shares in 2023 and 2024, TIGO’s internet debt/EBITDA would fall to 2.6x by 2024. Clearly, debt might fall even sooner if the corporate decides in opposition to share repurchases. As famous all through this letter, rising markets stay deeply unpopular and, due to this fact, there might be a delay earlier than any sustained rally happens. That stated, a number of traders who might think about proudly owning LATAM names will probably be interested in TIGO’s decrease total debt ratios and can probably revisit the title as soon as technical and tax loss promoting strain eases. We imagine a fabric rerating is probably going. A partial monetization of tower belongings can be doable. As if this weren’t sufficient, TIGO owns a priceless cost platform (TIGO Cash) and the corporate is actively on the lookout for a third-party companion to assist develop the platform. It’s unlikely such an funding will lead to any capital return to shareholders, however a excessive implied valuation might be supportive for the inventory. For a constant free-cash-flow producing enterprise with a number of paths to worth creation, the present valuation appears practically incomprehensible and the chance/reward extremely uneven.

In closing, we’d reiterate that this can be a troublesome setting. Inflation continues to be elevated, there may be nonetheless a raging conflict in Europe and financial uncertainty is excessive. Even when we don’t enter a recession, it can probably really feel like one in massive components of the world for the subsequent yr. Whereas we’re pissed off with the decline in a number of of our holdings, now we have tried to articulate why we imagine that a number of names look deeply undervalued. Whereas each downturn looks like there is no such thing as a finish in sight, turns usually come at surprising occasions and a number of the largest jumps occur effectively earlier than any enchancment is seen. Whereas low-cost definitely can change into cheaper, we proceed to imagine that our corporations provide very favorable threat/reward prospects within the years forward.

Thanks in your assist.


1 Hites Ahir and Prakash Loungani Can economists forecast recessions? Some proof from the Nice Recession

2 Irish tracker loans are loans which are set at some share above the ECB reference price. The reference price was set at 0% whereas the deposit price was -0.50%. The ECB raised each the reference price and tracker charges by 50-basis factors, thus permitting incremental earnings for banks with tracker mortgages.

3 In TIGO’s rights providing, shareholders obtained one proper for every share owned and 10 rights had been required to buy 7 shares at a value of $10.61. Shareholders additionally had the proper to subscribe for added rights which might be allotted if different shareholders didn’t take part. In the end, we obtained oversubscription shares equal to 22% of our rights, a ratio far greater than earlier rights choices.


BAM’s funding resolution making course of entails a variety of various factors, not simply these mentioned on this doc. The views expressed on this materials are topic to ongoing analysis and will change at any time.

Previous efficiency isn’t indicative of future outcomes, which can fluctuate. The worth of investments and the earnings derived from investments can go down in addition to up. It shall not be assumed that suggestions made sooner or later shall be worthwhile or will equal the efficiency of the securities talked about right here. Whereas BAM seeks to design a portfolio which displays applicable threat and return options, portfolio traits might deviate from these of the benchmark.

Though BAM follows the identical funding technique for every advisory shopper with related funding goals and monetary situation, variations in shopper holdings are dictated by variations in purchasers’ funding pointers and threat tolerances. BAM might proceed to carry a sure safety in a single shopper account whereas promoting it for one more shopper account when shopper pointers or threat tolerances mandate a sale for a specific shopper. In some instances, in line with shopper goals and threat, BAM might buy a safety for one shopper whereas promoting it for one more. Per particular shopper goals and threat tolerance, purchasers’ trades could also be executed at completely different occasions and at completely different costs. Every of those elements influences the general efficiency of the funding methods adopted by the Agency.

Nothing herein ought to be construed as a solicitation or provide, or advice to purchase or promote any safety, or as a suggestion to supply advisory providers in any jurisdiction through which such solicitation or provide could be illegal underneath the securities legal guidelines of such jurisdiction. The fabric offered herein is for informational functions solely. Earlier than partaking BAM, potential purchasers are strongly urged to carry out extra due diligence, to ask extra questions of BAM as they deem applicable, and to debate any potential funding with their authorized and tax advisers.

Related posts

The Warmth: Afghanistan starvation disaster


World Automation Testing Market to 2032


Report: an interconnected world – The Cryptonomist