TSMC brand (Reuters-Yonhap)
“Final yr, Samsung Electronics spent roughly 40 trillion gained ($33.5 billion) in reminiscence, foundry and infrastructure investments. This yr, TSMC plans to spend greater than 50 trillion gained solely for the foundry enterprise,” mentioned Lee Seung-woo, an analyst at Eugene Funding Securities.
“Because the foundry enterprise requires an incredible quantity of funding, underneath the present enterprise construction it might be troublesome for Samsung to meet up with TSMC.”
Samsung’s pursuit of TSMC faces higher uncertainties as 2022 is more likely to turn out to be the primary yr the South Korean tech large is surpassed by the Taiwanese foundry dominant when it comes to chip investments.
TSMC this yr plans to take a position as much as 52.2 trillion gained for chips, whereas Samsung is estimated to spend 45 trillion gained. Its plan goes past Samsung’s latest chip investments, which stood at 32.9 trillion gained in 2020 and 40 trillion gained in 2021 which each far exceeded TSMC’s 18.4 trillion gained and 35.6 trillion gained in the identical interval.
Behind TSMC’s large chip investments stand staggering efficiency in 2021. Final yr, TSMC’s income surged 24.9 p.c to $56.8 billion in comparison with a yr prior, whereas its working revenue spiked 40.9 p.c to $23.2 billion, which is nearly at 90 p.c of Samsung’s working revenue in chip enterprise price $25.6 billion.
As TSMC doubles down on chip investments, its hole with Samsung is anticipated to solely widen. In accordance with TrendForce, TSMC commanded 53.1 p.c of the worldwide foundry market within the third quarter final yr, adopted by Samsung’s 17.1 p.c.
Realizing that it could actually’t beat TSMC when it comes to scale, Samsung is making all-out efforts to take the lead in know-how. Samsung goals to mass-produce 3-nanometer chips within the first half of this yr, which might be a minimum of one month sooner than TSMC’s mass manufacturing timeline scheduled for the second half of this yr.
To additional meet up with its archrival, Samsung goals to supply the 3-nm chips with a breakthrough know-how known as gate-all-around, or GAA, which might enable as much as a 35 p.c lower in space and 30 p.c increased efficiency or 50 p.c decrease energy consumption in comparison with 5-nm chips. TSMC is anticipated to use GAA applied sciences beginning with 2-nm chips, that are set for mass manufacturing in 2024.
Nanometers discuss with the space between two transistors on a chip, with 1 nanometer being one-billionth of a meter. The smaller the space, the extra transistors can match inside and the sooner the chip turns into. The shorter the space additionally means much less energy is required to achieve all of the billions of transistors packed in a chip.
Essentially the most superior chips out there are 5-nm chips, that are in demand by superior IT companies comparable to Apple and Nvidia. They’re additionally bestsellers within the cryptocurrency business, the place high-computing and low-power chips are important for profitability.
By Kim Byung-wook (email@example.com)