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Brasília (AFP) – Contemporary off a celebratory seaside vacation, Brazilian president-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva received right down to uglier enterprise Monday: determining the way to govern with a hostile Congress, nasty funds crunch and impossible-looking to-do checklist.
The political horse-trading of the transition interval now begins in earnest for the veteran leftist, who shall be sworn in for a 3rd time period on January 1, dealing with a far harder outlook than the commodities-fueled growth he presided over within the 2000s.
Lula, 77, celebrated his slender win over far-right incumbent Jair Bolsonaro within the October 30 runoff election by escaping final week to the sun-drenched coast of Bahia in northeastern Brazil.
He joked he wanted a belated honeymoon together with his first-lady-to-be, Rosangela “Janja” da Silva, whom the twice-widowed ex-metalworker married in Might.
His different honeymoon — the political one — might be quick, analysts say.
Lula is assembly Monday with advisers in Sao Paulo. On Tuesday, he’ll journey to the capital, Brasilia, to complete assembling his 50-member transition group and begin negotiating with members of Congress, two allies instructed AFP.
He faces a battle to get payments handed in a legislature the place conservatives scored large beneficial properties in October’s elections.
Lula’s coalition has round 123 votes within the 513-seat Chamber of Deputies, and 27 within the 81-seat Senate, that means he must strike alliances to get something accomplished — and even simply survive, given the specter of impeachment in Brazil, the place two presidents have been impeached previously 30 years.
Into the shark tank
Lula is anticipated to fulfill in Brasilia with lower-house speaker Arthur Lira, a key Bolsonaro ally from the free coalition of events referred to as the “Centrao,” a bunch recognized for hanging alliances with whoever is in energy — in alternate for feeding on the federal pork barrel.
Lula shall be beneath stress from the Centrao to not oppose the so-called “secret funds”: 19.4 billion reais ($3.8 billion) in principally unmonitored federal funding that Bolsonaro agreed to allocate to pick out lawmakers to spice up assist for his reelection bid.
In the meantime, cash shall be tight for Lula’s marketing campaign guarantees, together with rising the minimal wage and sustaining a beefed-up 600-reais-per-month welfare program, “Auxilio Brasil.”
Bolsonaro, who launched this system, didn’t allocate enough funding to proceed it within the 2023 funds.
“We won’t begin 2023 with out the ‘Auxilio’ and an actual improve within the minimal wage,” the chief of Lula’s Staff’ Social gathering, Gleisi Hoffmann, mentioned Friday.
“That is our contract with the Brazilian individuals.”
Going through the inconceivable math of funding such pledges with out breaking the federal government spending cap, Lula’s allies are exploring their choices, together with passing a constitutional modification permitting distinctive spending subsequent 12 months.
However they’re racing the clock: it must be authorized by December 15.
Lula, who ran on imprecise guarantees of restoring Latin America’s largest financial system to the golden occasions of his first two phrases (2003-2010), faces a bleaker image this time round.
“The problem is… the way to steadiness fiscal accountability with a extremely anticipated social agenda,” within the face of excessive inflation and a doable world recession, mentioned political scientist Leandro Consentino of Insper college.
Markets are watching carefully — particularly his choose for finance minister.
Lula is anticipated to separate Bolsonaro’s financial system “super-ministry” into three portfolios: finance, planning, and commerce and business.
Analysts predict a political selection for finance minister, a technocrat for planning and a enterprise government for commerce.
Names floated for the finance job embrace Lula’s former training minister Fernando Haddad and his marketing campaign coordinator, Aloizio Mercadante.
Different carefully watched portfolios are the atmosphere and a promised new ministry of Indigenous affairs — each sore spots beneath Bolsonaro, who presided over a surge of destruction within the Amazon rainforest.
The previous job may go to Lula’s one-time atmosphere minister Marina Silva, credited with curbing deforestation within the 2000s.
In a key gesture, the president-elect will make his return to the worldwide stage on the COP27 UN local weather summit in Egypt, the place he’ll arrive on November 14, advisers mentioned.
Silva, who will journey with him, instructed newspaper Folha de Sao Paulo: “The local weather situation is now a strategic precedence on the highest stage.”
© 2022 AFP